The Bible seems to go through great lengths to document that none of Jesus’ bones were broken when He was murdered. For me, that has always been interesting but I’ve always wondered why it is so important! What is so special about it?
Another interesting thing about the prophecies related to this topic is that I have, for some reason, always been focused on them. It seemed, whenever reading, watching or hearing about the crucifixion I would remember that Jesus’ bones were not broken. This topic has been a “staple” in my questions about the Bible but I just never made a move on it, until now.
Now, since I have been studying some specific, amazing passages of Scripture, I have found that there was a great explanation to the importance of His bones never being broken. But, first, the prophecies.
I may tell all my bones . . .
He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.
The first theory claims that God was making Jesus’ body a perfect Passover sacrifice (paschal lamb). In Exodus 12:46, the Israelites are commanded not to break any of the bones on the lamb. Some claim that the prophecies and fulfillment mean that Jesus was the perfect Passover sacrifice. A very interesting theory . . . that makes plenty of sense.
However, one problem with this theory is that John, when writing the Gospel, in verse 36, quoted a verse from the Old Testament. The closest verse that comes to his quotation is Psalms 34:20 and that verse does not refer to the paschal lamb.
But, when you really look into the prophecies and the fulfillment you can only help to see something slightly deeper.
In Leviticus 1 it talks about sacrificing to the LORD. Actually, a majority of the first five books of the Bible talk about sacrificing to the LORD. But, Leviticus 1 is a good place to start.
When God asked for a sacrifice from people He asked that it be without blemish. It could not be spotted, streaked, have a wrinkled nose, have no tail, etc. Basically it had to be perfect! One of the things that were not acceptable for a sacrifice were . . . broken bones.
If a sacrifice had broken bones it was an abomination to God. Imagine if the only way to wash away your sins had broken legs? Imagine the disdain you would be throwing at God if you gave Him a sacrifice with broken bones!
I believe it is the same way with Christ. He could not be blemished. He had to be perfect and having broken bones was not perfect. So, that is the ultimate reason Jesus’ bones could not be broken. The Sacrifice had to be perfect so the bones could not be broken.
Oh, interesting fact (in case someone says that His bones could be broken after His death): when sacrifices were made in the Old Testament, never were their legs broken before, during or after the sacrifice. So, not only did Jesus’ have to be perfect before and during His sacrifice, He had to be perfect afterward. Besides, did the disciples see Jesus risen . . . with crutches under His arms?