Adaptation is probably one of the strongest characteristics both for life and non-life. You see, adaptation to one’s environment is something that can sort of be controlled ruthlessly by natural forces, both for living and non-living organisms.
First of all, for living things, adaptation is an important process whereby the living things have to change in order for them to survive in a changing environment. One way adaptation can be shown is through forms of beaks in birds.
Originally, Darwin used this adaptation of bird beaks to try and prove his theory of evolution, however, as you will see in a moment, it cannot support evolution.
So, imagine this: a new group of many species of birds fly into town. In this town you have a whole lot of insects for the birds. Eventually, you have the birds who like the grasshoppers eating those. The ones who like the worms are getting those. The ones who love the other flying insects get those.
However, as time goes on we start to see something change. Since there were more worms in this area than any other insect, the birds that eat the worms are growing exceptionally larger numbers. As well, their beaks are changing. Because they have to dig in the ground more the few birds that had thinner beaks were ones that got to feed more. As the years went on the longer, skinnier beaked-birds’ population boomed until they had suppressed many of the other birds.
You see, these birds didn’t require any new information to adapt. Instead, the ones with the closest to best were the ones who survived the best in the new environment. As time went on the longer, thinner beaks were the main worm-eating tool for these birds, thus, they flourished.
Really, there was no new information. Only: the birds that had the best equipment developed and used that equipment and eventually prevailed.
As for non-life, they can be changed by nature the most. Many examples of this can be seen with ice, rock, wind, etc. Rock can be eroded by chemicals or weathering and those change according to their environment while using response to stimulus and maintaining homeostasis. Sand can be made from erosion on rock and then shaped into sand dunes by wind. Many other examples could be given.